氢氧化镁作为吸附剂的应用研究进展
Progress in Application of Magnesium Hydroxide as An Adsorbent 
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  氢氧化镁  吸附剂  废水处理  废气处理
英文关键词::Magnesium hydroxide  Adsorbent  Waste water treatment  Tail gas treatment
基金项目:青海省应用基础研究项目(2011-Z-706)
作者单位E-mail
霍 闪 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 青海西宁 810008
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
601920230@qq.com 
卿彬菊 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 青海西宁 810008  
邓小川 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 青海西宁 810008  
朱朝梁 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 青海西宁 810008  
温现明 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 青海西宁 810008  
史一飞 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 青海西宁 810008  
邵 斐 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 青海西宁 810008  
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中文摘要:
      由于氢氧化镁具有较强的吸附特性,且具有活性强、缓冲性好、无腐蚀性等特点,作为一种安全、无毒的吸附剂,在环保领域有较广泛的应用。全面综述了氢氧化镁作为吸附剂在各种水质废水(包括酸性废水、印染废水、含重金属工业废水、含磷和铵城市废水)处理,以及在海(卤)水除硼和烟气脱硫等方面的应用研究。
英文摘要:
      :Due to the high activity, good buffer effect, security, non-corrosive and non-poisonous properties, magnesium hydroxide has been widely used as an effective adsorbent for environmental protection.The applications of magnesium hydroxide used as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes,heavy metal and ammonium ions, and phosphate from wastewater, for the removal of boron from seawater or brine, for flue gas desulfurization,etc.,were comprehensively reviewed.In addition,nanometer magnesium hydroxide is a new type of inorganic material, which has many properties such as the surface effect and small size effect,and interface effect.Therefore, nanometer magnesium hydroxide has higher adsorption capacity,making it easy to get bigger promotion in the application of environmental protection. If the surface of nano-sized magnesium hydroxide is modified with different characteristic active groups,its application in the rare and expensive elements’ extraction will be very significant.
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