阿拉尔河下游沉积物对铀的动态吸附机制
Dynamic Adsorption Mechanism of Uranium on Sediments from the Lower Alar River in Qaidam Basin
投稿时间:2017-04-12  修订日期:2017-05-09
DOI:10.12119/j.yhyj.201802008
中文关键词:  柴达木盆地  阿拉尔河  沉积物    动态吸附机制
英文关键词:Qaidam Basin  Alar River  Sediments  Uranium  Dynamic adsorption mechanism
基金项目:青海省科技厅应用基础研究计划项目(2014-ZJ-703)
作者单位E-mail
王国强 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室, 青海 西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室,青海 西宁 810008
中国科学院大学,北京 100049 
984655276@qq.com 
许建新 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室, 青海 西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室,青海 西宁 810008 
 
韩积斌 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室, 青海 西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室,青海 西宁 810008
中国地质大学环境学院,湖北 武汉 430074 
 
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中文摘要:
      采用动态吸附法,研究流速、沉积物粒径、沉积物投加量、铀初始浓度等对阿拉尔河下游沉积物吸附铀的影响,并结合Thomas模型及表征数据对吸附机理进行探讨。结果表明,动态吸附饱和时间与流速、沉积物粒径及铀初始浓度呈反相关,与沉积物投加量呈正相关。总饱和吸附量与流速及沉积物粒径呈反相关,与沉积物投加量及铀初始浓度呈正相关。沉积物对铀的动态吸附符合Thomas模型,吸附过程由多个步骤共同控制,吸附速率受多个因素的共同影响。吸附的主要机制为表面络合反应,并伴有离子交换作用。
英文摘要:
      The adsorption of uranium on sediments from the Lower Alar River was investigated by dynamic adsorption method. The effects of flow rate, sediment particle size, sediment dosage and initial concentration of uranium was studied. The adsorption curve was established by combining the Thomas model in order to explore adsorption mechanism. The results show that the dynamic adsorption saturation time is negatively correlated with the flow rate of the solution, the particle size of the sediments and the initial concentration of uranium, and positively correlated with the sediment dosage. The total saturated adsorption capacity is inversely related to the flow rate of the solution and the particle size of the sediments, which is positively correlated with the sediment dosage and the initial concentration of uranium. The dynamic adsorption of uranium in sediments is in accordance with the Thomas model. The adsorption process is controlled by multiple steps, and the adsorption rate is influenced by many factors. The main mechanism of adsorption is surface complexation reaction,and together with the effect of ion exchange.
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