柴达木盆地大盐滩矿区深层晶间卤水的成因
Origin of Deep Intercrystalline Brines from Dayantan Mine Area in Qaidam Basin
投稿时间:2018-03-11  修订日期:2018-03-21
DOI:10.12119/j.yhyj.201901009
中文关键词:  柴达木盆地  大盐滩矿区  晶间卤水  成因
英文关键词:Qaidam Basin  Dayantan Mine Area  Intercrystalline Brines  Origin
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“柴达木盆地深层地下卤水战略性资源成盐元素富集模式”(编号:U1404128)和“柴达木盆地西部油田水富矿机制及硼同位素异常带成因”(编号:41402229)资助。
作者单位E-mail
李玉文 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室,青海西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室, 青海西宁 810008
中国科学院大学,北京 100049 
yanhuyanjiusuo@163.com 
李建森 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室,青海西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室, 青海西宁 810008 
 
樊启顺 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室,青海西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室, 青海西宁 810008 
 
王明祥 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室,青海西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室, 青海西宁 810008 
 
山发寿 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,中国科学院盐湖资源综合高效利用重点实验室,青海西宁 810008
青海省盐湖地质与环境重点实验室, 青海西宁 810008 
 
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中文摘要:
      柴达木盆地西部昆特依盐湖大盐滩矿区地下卤水资源丰富,具有很好的开发利用前景。野外采取了大盐滩矿区不同深度(9.8~133 m)晶间卤水样品和冷湖构造油田水样品,分析了卤水的水化学组成和氢氧同位素值。结果显示,晶间卤水矿化度较高(平均为363.94 g/L)且富K+,水化学类型为硫酸镁亚型;油田水矿化度较低(平均为39.02 g/L),富Ca2+和Sr2+,水化学类型为氯化物型。离子含量及钠氯系数和溴氯系数分析显示,大盐滩矿区晶间卤水主要为大气降水汇聚后经蒸发作用形成,深层晶间卤水(30~133 m)具有大气降水盐岩溶滤成因及受具有深部来源性质油田水补给的特征。氢氧同位素组成分析表明,卤水均发生了明显的“氧同位素正漂移”现象,推断深层晶间卤水较高的δ18O、δD值与浅层晶间卤水(9.8~11.5 m)以及大气降水溶滤盐岩沿断裂下渗补给有关。
英文摘要:
      Dayantan Mine Area,which is located in the west of Kunty playa in Qaidam basin,has rich underground brine resources and has a prospect of exploitation and utilization.10 oilfield brine samples in Dayantan playa were taken and 10 samples of intercrystalline brine were taken from different depths(9.8~133 m) of the Dayantan Mine Area in this study.The chemical compositions,hydrogen and oxygen isotopic characteristics of brine were analyzed.The results show that the salinity of intercrystalline brines is high(with an average of 363.94 g/L),and these brines have a high content of K+ and are enriched in Mg2+, SO2-4.The chemical type of intercrystalline brines is magnesium sulfate subtype.According to the ion contents and water chemistry characteristic coefficient(rNa/rCl and rBr×103/rCl),the result shows the intercrystalline brines are mainly formed by atmospheric precipitation which has been converged and evaporated,and the deep intercrystalline brines(30-133 m)are derived from atmospheric precipitation dissolving rock salt and supplied by oilfield brines which have properties of deep origins.The hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions show that there is an obvious phenomenon of “oxygen isotopic positive deviation” in deep brine,which can be inferred that it is related to the infiltration supply of the shallow brines(9.8-11.5 m)and the atmospheric precipitation dissolved rock salt along the fractures.
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