Application of X-ray Scattering in the Study of Inorganic Salt Solution Structure 
投稿时间:2021-02-12  修订日期:2021-03-15
中文关键词:  X射线散射法  溶液结构  溶剂化  接触离子对
英文关键词:X-ray sacttering  Solution structure  Solvation  Contact ion pairs
基金项目:河北省自然科学基金(B2017202246,E2020202020);河北省高等学校科学技术研究项目(QN2019048) ;国家重点研究发展计划(2016YFB0600504);教育部创新团队发展计划(IRT14R14),河北省现代海洋化工技术协同创新中心(冀教科[2013] 37号);河北工业大学本科教育教学改革研究项目(201903020);河北省重点研发计划项目(19274003D)。
李非 河北工业大学化工学院,天津 300130
河北工业大学 教育部海水资源高效利用技术工程研究中心,天津 300130 
冯明远 河北工业大学化工学院,天津 300130  
任悦 河北工业大学化工学院,天津 300130  
傅婉莹 河北工业大学化工学院,天津 300130  
李世航 河北工业大学化工学院,天津 300130  
许嘉琦 河北工业大学化工学院,天津 300130  
袁俊生 河北工业大学化工学院,天津 300130
河北工业大学 教育部海水资源高效利用技术工程研究中心,天津 300130 
摘要点击次数: 36
全文下载次数: 0
      The X-ray scattering technique is a powerful tool for the study of solution structures.It is a method with a long history used to study the solution microstructure.In recent years,with the rapid development of science and technology,X-ray scattering is becoming more and more mature.The specific structural parameters can be obtained from the radial distribution function of X-ray scattering.Therefore,this method has been widely used in the study of solution structure.Many scholars have studied the solvation of various ions in water by X-ray scattering.They have made great achievements,including the determinations of hydration numbers and hydration radius of different ions,as well as the effect of temperature,concentration,pressure and other factors on the ion hydration structures.Besides,the second hydration layer is also involved in some of these studies.In this paper,the research objects are classified according to the alkali metal ions,alkali-earth metal ions,heavy metal ions,rare earth ions,halogen ions,oxyacid ions.And the results obtained by X-ray scattering in the solution structure are summarized.On the basis of a systematic summary of these results,the present situation of the study on the structure of aqueous solution by X-ray sacttering is analyzed,and the prospect of this field is discussed.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器